Volume : 3 | Issue : 1 | Year : 2018



e-ISSN 2459-1726

















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Multidisciplinary management of homozygous sickle cell patients: Dental treatment pathologies and needs. [Turk Endod J]
Turk Endod J. Ahead of Print: TEJ-36036 | DOI: 10.14744/TEJ.2019.36036  

Multidisciplinary management of homozygous sickle cell patients: Dental treatment pathologies and needs.

Yolande Gnagne koffi1, Stéphane Xavier Djolé1, Marie Chantal Avoaka-Boni1, Guillaume Loukou1, Douni Sawadogo2
1Department of Dentistry and Endodontics, Odonto-Stomatology Faculty, Felix Houphouët Boigny University,UFHB (Abidjan, Ivory Coast).
2Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences Of Felix Houphouët Boigny University UFHB Abidjan, 22 BP 612 Abidjan 22.

Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the oral state of patients with homozygous sickle cell disease (SSD) to identify preventive and curative care needs.
Methods: Our study was carried out in the first Clinical Hematology service in West Africa in the Yopougon University Hospital (Abidjan- Côte d'Ivoire). A retrospective analysis of SS patients’ records followed by interviews and dental screenings was carried out. The data collected was processed with the use of EPI Info software version 6.01.
Results: Sixty patients were examined. Detected pathologies were chronic pulpitis (33%), dentinal sensitivity (23%), chronic apical periodontitis (17%), and pulpal necrosis (10%). Dental care needs were surgical (14%), prosthetic (16%), conservative (24%) and prophylactic (46%).
Conclusion: The importance of this work is to propose a dental management of patients with homozygous sickle cell disease.

Keywords: Dental manifestations, dental treatment, homozygous sickle cell,




Corresponding Author: Yolande Gnagne koffi, Cote d'Ivoire


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