e-ISSN 2459-1726
Incidence of epileptic seizure-related oro-dental trauma in adults and children [Turk Endod J]
Turk Endod J. 2021; 6(2): 50-54 | DOI: 10.14744/TEJ.2021.77487

Incidence of epileptic seizure-related oro-dental trauma in adults and children

Kürşat Er1, Simay Koç1, Ebru Apaydın Doğan2, Kübra Çalışır3, Hüseyin Karayılmaz3, Özgür Duman4
1Department of Endodontics, Akdeniz University Faculty of Dentistry, Antalya, Turkey
2Department of Neurology, Akdeniz University Faculty of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey
3Department of Pedodontics, Akdeniz University Faculty of Dentistry, Antalya, Turkey
4Department of Pediatric Neurology, Akdeniz University Faculty of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey

Purpose: The aim of the current study was to evaluate the incidence of epileptic seizure-associated head/neck and intra-oral injuries.
Methods: A questionnaire survey collecting information on the development of epilepsy and occurrence of oro-dental and head trauma was applied to 153 adult and 63 pediatric patients diagnosed with epilepsy. Intra-oral examination was performed in patients with a history of oro-dental trauma and the injured teeth were identified. The data were analyzed statistically.
Results: Trauma during epileptic seizures was reported by 58.8% of adults and 30.1% of children included in this study. The head and neck region, lips, and tongue were most commonly affected, and 10% of adults and 3.2% of pediatric patients had experienced tooth fracture. Stress and flu infections were the most common triggering factors for seizures in adults (43.7%) and children (23.8%), respectively. Patients diagnosed with generalized seizures sustained trauma more frequently, and a significant association between the number of antiepileptic drugs used and the incidence of trauma was observed in adults.
Conclusion: Based on the current findings, the incidence of head/neck and intra-oral injuries in epileptic patients was found to be dependent on the seizure type, number of medicine used, and the frequency of seizures.

Keywords: Children, dentistry, epilepsy, injury, oro-dental trauma.

Kürşat Er, Simay Koç, Ebru Apaydın Doğan, Kübra Çalışır, Hüseyin Karayılmaz, Özgür Duman. Incidence of epileptic seizure-related oro-dental trauma in adults and children. Turk Endod J. 2021; 6(2): 50-54

Corresponding Author: Kürşat Er, Türkiye
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