This document is based upon the Committee on the Publication Ethics (COPE) Best Practice Guidelines and Publishing Ethics Resource Kit (PERK) from Elsevier Publishing Inc®. All parties involved in the publishing process (Editors, Reviewers, Authors and Publishers) are expected to agree on the following ethical principles.
Avoiding allegations of plagiarism
By submitting their manuscripts to Turkish Endodontic Journal, authors also accept that their manuscripts may be screened for signs of plagiarism using any means necessary and available, including, but not limited to, the use of plagiarism detection software.
Experimentation involving human subjects should be conducted in full accordance with the Helsinki Declaration of World Medical Association (http://www.wma.net/en/30publications/10policies/b3/index.html) and the legal requirements of the country where the research had been carried out. The manuscript must include a statement indicating that informed consent was obtained from all participants. A statement confirming that the study has been reviewed and approved by an ethical or advisory board with the approval number and board name should also be included. The patient’s privacy should not be violated. Identifying information such as names, initials, hospital numbers, and unnecessary details in photographs should be omitted from the submission. When detailed descriptions, photographs and/or videos of faces or identifiable body parts that might permit a patient to be identified must be included in the submission, authors must obtain written informed consent for its publication from the patient or his/her parent/guardian.
Experiments on laboratory animals must comply with the Guidelines of the European Communities Council Directive 2010/63/EU and with local laws and regulations. A statement confirming that the study has been reviewed and approved by an ethical or advisory board should also be included (http://www.eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32010L0063).
Turkish Endodontic Journal strictly adheres to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) standards to define the authorship qualifications. We recommend that an author should provide ALL of the following four criteria:
(1) Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work;
(2) Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content;
(3) Final approval of the version to be published;
(4) Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.
Contributors who do not qualify as authors should be mentioned under ‘Acknowledgements’.
Authors should take collective responsibility for their work and the content of their publications. Corresponding author should submit Authors Contribution Form before proceeding with further submission and evaluation processes.
Declaration of Artificial Intelligence (AI)–Assisted Technology in Scientific Writing
At submission, authors should disclose whether they used artificial intelligence (AI)– assisted technologies (such as Large Language Models [LLMs], chatbots, or image creators) in the production of submitted work. Authors who use such technology should describe, in both the Title Page and the submitted work, how they used it. Authors who used AI technology to conduct the study should describe its use in the methods section in sufficient detail to enable replication to the approach, including the tool used, version, and prompts where applicable. Chatbots (such as ChatGPT) and AI assisted technologies should not be listed as an author or co-author nor cited because they cannot be responsible for the accuracy, integrity, and originality of the work, and these responsibilities are required for authorship. Therefore, humans are responsible for any submitted material that included the use of AI-assisted technologies. Authors should carefully review and edit the result because AI can generate authoritative-sounding output that can be incorrect, incomplete, or biased. Authors should be able to assert that there is no plagiarism in their paper, including in text and images produced by the AI. Humans must ensure there is appropriate attribution of all quoted material, including full citations.
Authors must declare any financial support or relationships that may pose a conflict of interest by disclosing any financial arrangements they have with a company whose product figures prominently in the submitted manuscript or with a company making a competing product, or any conflict relating to technology or methodology. The absence of any interest to disclose must also be stated.
All submissions should comply with the ICMJE Uniform requirements. Submission of checklists and flow charts of Preferred Reporting Items for Study Designs in Endodontics (PRIDE) requirements are mandatory before proceeding the article processing for case reports (PRICE), animal studies (PRIASE), randomised clinical trials (PRIRATE), laboratory studies (PRILE). Systematic reviews and meta analysis should comply with Transparent reporting of systematic reviews and meta-analysis (PRISMA). Observational studies should comply with Strengthening the reporting of observational studies in epidemiology (STROBE). Diagnostic accuracy studies should comply with Essential Items for Reporting Diagnostic Accuracy Studies (STARD). All relevant and required checklists and flow charts can be found at: https://turkishendodonticjournal.com/Forms
Disclaimer and Copyright
Submission of a manuscript implies that the work described has not been published before; that it is not under consideration for publication anywhere else entirely or partially, nor will it be submitted for consideration of publication anywhere else until a final publication decision concerning this manuscript has been made by the Editor(s) of the Journal; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as by the responsible authorities at the institute where the work has been carried out. The publisher cannot be held legally responsible should there be any compensation claims.
Copyright of open access article is retained by the author(s). Turkish Endodontic Journal provides free access and allows free download of its contents from the journal’s website (https://turkishendodonticjournal.com/default.aspx). Both anonymous or registered users can read and/or download articles for personal use. The material cannot be used for commercial purposes. The license does not give the user all permissions necessary for his/her intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how the material can be used.
Articles published in this journal are available for use by researchers and other readers without permission from the author or the publisher provided that the author and the original source are cited. The responsibility of the content(s) and/or opinion(s) provided in the articles which are published in the print and/or online versions of the journal, belong exclusively to their respective author(s). The publisher/editor/editorial board/reviewers cannot be held responsible for errors, scientific or otherwise, in the contents or any consequences arising from using the information contained therein. The opinions expressed in the articles published in this journal are purely those of their respective authors and in no way represent the opinions of the publisher/editor/editorial board/reviewers of the journal.